Threats to our wellbeing are all around us. For example, slippery floor accidents lead to paralysis in some cases. Additionally, traffic collisions result in thousands of severe injuries each day. First aid is the first line of defense against deteriorating health situations. OSHA recognizes this fact. It even calls for the training of employees in first aid techniques to improve responses to life-threatening situations in the workplace. Schools, businesses, and even churches have similar policies as well. Remember, the five principal aims of administering first aid are preserving life, preventing the condition from worsening, and relieving pain. The other two are promoting recovery and protecting the victim from additional harm. Achieving these aims without the necessary tools is impossible. One of these tools is a first aid kit. Here are 3 items your first aid kit should never be without.
1. Antiseptic Solutions
Antiseptics refer to chemicals that kill disease-causing microorganisms. Some antiseptics impede their growth as opposed to killing them. People use these chemicals in two ways, i.e., cleansing external wounds or treating intestinal infections. First aid kits contain antiseptic solutions that deal with wounds externally. Some of the antiseptic solutions found in these kits are alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, and iodine. Antiseptic creams are also available. These chemicals are critical in a first aid kit because they stop the situation from worsening. Remember, the wound needs medical treatment already. Therefore, the presence or growth of disease-causing bacteria would lead to additional problems such as swelling, tissue breakdown, and systemic illness. Preventing the development of these additional problems by applying antiseptic solutions to the wound is critical.
2. Hydrocolloid Dressing
Hydrocolloid dressing refers to a wafer-like dressing that has gel-forming agents inside it. More specifically, these agents are in an adhesive compound laminated onto an outer layer of the dressing. This outer layer is water-resistant and it is flexible as well. The presence of hydrocolloid dressing in a first aid kit is critical because it stops the situation from worsening. More specifically, it protects the wounds from further infection once you treat them with an antiseptic solution. Remember, hydrocolloid dressings are impermeable to bacteria so they reduce the chances of bacterial infections significantly. Moreover, applying them is a straightforward process as is removing them. Lastly, wearing the dressing for a couple of days is possible. Doing so gives the wound enough time to heal naturally.
3. Pain Relievers
Pain is the most commonly cited symptom in medical emergencies or checkups. Sometimes, it is so excruciating that the affected individual faints or becomes incoherent. Therefore, having a pain reliever in your first aid kit is vital because you never know when you might need it. For example, did you know that over 38 million people in the US suffer from migraines? Two to three million of them suffer from chronic migraines. Research also suggests that 325mg to 650 mg of aspirin relieves a mild to a moderate headache. Do you have this kind of dosage in your kit? Do you have an additional dose if someone takes the one you have? Remember, painkillers are not for headaches alone. These drugs relieve muscle aches, toothaches, and fevers as well. Moreover, they reduce swellings in conditions such as arthritis and analgesic aspirin relieves pain without the loss of consciousness.